No one actually knows how to lculate what speaker cable they need

It goes back to cable manufaturars, mostly provide no relevant data! to sales and the users. None will answer this!
Whay do you think that you own now the optimal cable to your setup?
I think I've figured it out. 

Well, since my Fidelium Cable is between 14 and 16 AWG, looks like it passes your criteria. Plus it's skin effect issues are minimized.
Mr.  eichlerera

I'm sorry to kill your impression of skin effect on Audio frequencies.
The figure (at the AWG table) refers to full power at x frequency.
An other way to look at that, is that thin cables have low current capacity at DC, so it is close or identical to that in all Fr. Thick cables, that can conduct 10th or hundreds of Amps at DC, are a bit less of higher Fr.
But even so, if you look into Audio energy vs. Fr., the most power is at the lower Fr.: under 1 kHz. most of the stuff over 10 kHz are harmonics that are of very low energy. So skin effect is not for Audio, It mostly present at RF and very high frequencies, at high power (Radar etc'.).
As in any other cable. No particular significance of any type, at Audio freq. 
The only characteristics I found significant, is the cable resistance vs the Amp's DF. 
It works all the way up to the calculated value (improves sound) but do not improves above (thicker than calculated).